RELEASE
1974
LABEL
Promising/MPS
GENRES
Jazz, Fusion, Jazz-Funk

Album Review

Released in 1974, Faces in Reflection was, in many ways, George Duke's third album as a leader for MPS. The first two, Solus and The Inner Source, were recorded separately but issued as a double-LP by SABA, which shortly thereafter ceased doing business and was folded into MPS. That said, there is little resemblance between the man who recorded his early albums like Save the Country, those aforementioned, and the seasoned studio experimentalist who cut Faces in Reflection. Duke's periods with Cannonball Adderley and Frank Zappa (the latter an ongoing relationship; it was Zappa who introduced Duke to the synthesizer) had taught him a ton musically and about working in the studio. The players here include Leon "Ndugu" Chancler and bassist John Heard. The sound is a seamless mixture of fusion, jazz, funk, and sound experiments; all are quite musical. It is a shock in the present century to even consider that this was Duke's first date as a leader even using a synth -- the ARP 2600 -- because he comes across as a master of its many textures and possibilities. The electric Rhodes and acoustic pianos are still a big part of the sound here, and the radio-friendly chart-topping funk he would cut later in the decade was still a little ways off.
The set kicks off on the rock side of jazz and the jazz side of rock with a killer drum break from Chancler in double- and triple-time answered by the synth, bass, and Rhodes piano. Very quick, its funky bassline rumbles and pops playing counterpoint to Chancler's furious drumming. There are chunky wah-wah effects, and a reaching set of harmonic pulses Duke puts forth before his killer Rhodes solo. This cut is followed with Duke's own rendition of "Capricorn," a tune he wrote for the Adderley band (it was originally narrated by Rick Holmes, who wrote the words for the Soul Zodiac album). Its slow, soulful, summery groove is a sharp contrast to "The Opening." Duke's voice, humming and singing wordlessly as a component of the instrumental music, is lovely. It nurtures the free-flowing soul groove in the tune, and his Rhodes plays the chords percussively, allowing Heard an out-front look at the pace in the melody. But Duke's laid-back, in the cut solo on both acoustic and electric pianos, with just a little dabble from the synth in the later third, makes this one of the great late entries in the classic cosmic soul-jazz book. One of the early, riotous, funky fusion offerings from Duke is "Psychocomatic Dung," and one can hear Joe Zawinul's enormous crescendos signaling a dynamic shift in the track (à la "Boogie Woogie Waltz") in Duke's composition. The bassline in this cut is simply monstrous, almost stealing the leader's thunder, which in turn is eclipsed by the colossal, uber funky pulse in Chancler's breakbeats in triple-time on the snare and ride cymbals. The way the ARP gets used here is also reminiscent of the knottiness in Zappa's early-'70s compositions as well. That said, Duke's ability to absorb these influences and turn them around with Afro-Cuban and other Latin rhythms is just smoking. Chick Corea may have been playing faster and more complex material with Return to Forever, but he had none of the real emotional fire and accessibility that was in Duke's approach even at this time. Corea had all but left jazz behind and Duke was saturating himself in it even as he pursued funky Brazilian, soul, and rock elements in his sound. Check out the mellow, flowing first version of the title track which closes out side one on the LP. It's a synth drift that begins harmonically altering a simple melody as if it is a mirror of itself. Chancler's drums stroll through the middle, braking, rolling, filling, and putting the lyric frame in the context of a rhythmic statement. Heard just allows his simple pulse to keep both sides together. It's utterly lovely.
Brazilian music makes a solid entry on the second half, first in the gorgeous "Maria Tres Filhos," with a wonderful ringing acoustic work articulated on acoustic piano with a ramped up bassline by Heard. Chancler is all over the place on the cymbals and tom-toms. The lyric is complex and full of interesting contrapuntal statements, but it swings like mad. The other entry is the sci-fi samba called "Da Somba." Think of genius Brazilian guitarist and composer Luiz Bonfá meeting Duke instead of Deodato for the killer samba fusion classic "Jacaranda" (that Bonfá had recorded in 1973 with a host of American and homegrown players). You'd get an idea of the passion, fury, and joy inherent in this tune as well as its steaming virtuoso musicianship. The overdriven Rhodes and synth lines asserting a pair of melodies and on-a-dime changes in time and scale, with a bruising upright bassline and thrumming, skittering blurry fast drum kit that is almost impossible to believe -- the drum and bass kids have nothing on Ndugu's hands and feet. The title cut reprises to close the set, with Duke singing a lithe, gentle, and brief melody sending it off into the quiet. It is simply an amazing ride of an album more than three decades after it was recorded, and it is still capable of making the listener's jaw drop. [For those seeking something a little more collectible, SPV has made available at a drastically reduced price the Japanese masters of the album in gatefold cover with a booklet containing the original liners and Duke's reflections on the album, all encased in a sturdy slipcover sleeve to protect the CD. It's more expensive than the Verve version but it a more handsome package. Either way, you cannot go wrong on this one.]
Thom Jurek, Rovi

Track Listing

  1. The Opening
  2. Capricorn
  3. Piano Solo No. 1
  4. Piano Solo No. 2
  5. Psychocomatic Dung
  6. Faces in Reflection No. 1 [Instrumental]
  7. Maria Tres Filhos
  8. North Beach
  9. Da Somba
  10. Faces in Reflection No. 2 [Vocal Version]